One undisputed conclusion of regional development analysis
is that both economic and social issues are directly linked to environmental
issues. As the state strives
to be globally competitive, sound decision making requires a concerted
effort that addresses traditional economic development principles and
incorporates the benefits provided by utilizing and building upon Illinois’
Not becoming fully cognizant of the value and contribution
of legacy resources to the economy is significant, and in general, economic
development is a complex issue. Therefore,
to address these uncertainties and the long range consequences from
tradeoffs, we need a process that: 1) recognizes legacy resources as
assets within the economic model, 2) allows us to explore the cost/benefits
of a multitude of development options, and 3) allows us to have a better
understanding about the future impacts of today’s decisions, fostering
better land use decision-making at the local level.
Legacy planning, as developed from this Act, is not
just about planning— it is about:
§ analyzing plans and challenging basic intuitions
and assumptions for strategic and efficient
§ collaborating with local stakeholders to test
those assumptions before committing to
an actual investment strategy.
§ incorporating resource valuation within the
context of other planning efforts.
The model makes evident the inefficiencies in land
use. Dedicated financial and technical support is
needed in the areas of analysis and funding to protect and enhance legacy
resources. State participation at this level would help
nourish local economies and enhance community livability for today and
TECHNICAL REVIEW OF LEGACY PILOT PROJECTS ---
PROOF OF CONCEPT
Public Act 93-0328 was passed in 2003 and signed by
Governor Rod Blagojevich into law. This
Act created the Local Legacy Act. As
stated in Section 1 part d of the Act, “(I)t
is the purpose of this Act to promote voluntary county-municipal partnerships
in every county by the year 2020 that will inventory resources, develop
Resource Protection Plans, and implement their respective plans.” This report reviews the efforts by the
Department of Natural Resources, Department of Agriculture and Historic
Preservation Agency to address progress towards accomplishing the purposes
of the Local Legacy Act.
In order to measure progress, it is
imperative to provide both a working definition of accomplishment as
well the significant limiting factors.
The aforementioned part d provides the most succinct definition
of the Act’s intentions; the development and implementation of resource
protection plans. The Act, while
recognizing the complexity of the issue (competition for land), is largely
absent of any substantive directions in terms of prescribing the content
of Resource Protection Plans or suggestions related to the implementation
of protection measures.
The Act devotes an overwhelming majority of its language
to process, this process seeks to foster inter-agency coordination as
well as county-municipal cooperation.
Section 15 prescribes the formal process for organizing inter-agency
coordination. Sections 25 and 30 provide an elaborate process
for fostering county-municipal cooperation. There are three broad conditions that impede
implementation of the process that is laid out in the Act.
Legacy Act was passed without fiscal resources to support either internal
program staffing needs or external grant requirements,
State of Illinois is
experiencing one of the greatest fiscal crises of all time, jeopardizing
both existing programs as well as new.
Local Legacy Act placed a significant amount of emphasis on the establishment
of a county-municipal partnership. Lacking funds for grants, the Act as written
does not provide any apparent incentive for local governments to partner
Simply, the use of grants funds was to be the key component
of the Act whereby these grants would provide the critical incentive
to achieve the process objectives outlined in the Act.
In short, these constraints provided a significant barrier toward
implementing the Local Legacy Act. Recognizing
these constraints, the Department of Natural Resources took the lead
on developing an alternative approach to the Local Legacy Act. It was determined early on that any successful
attempts to address the Act must provide: 1) some incentive in lieu
of grants to foster cooperation—and 2) an advanced framework to address
the complex challenges presented by this issue. Subsequently,
a “proof of concept” was developed for promoting the development of
Legacy Plans and three regions were selected as pilots.
The pilot projects were designed to take advantage
of existing programs/projects to achieve savings, i.e. economies of
scope and scale. The pilots built
on, wherever possible, existing programs at the appropriate state agencies
and sought collaboration with local planning organizations for data
acquisition needs and liaison with local officials.
The pilots are located in the Northeastern Illinois,
Peoria and the Metro-East
The rationale for the pilots was to use innovations
in computer technology and planning theory to demonstrate that a Legacy
Plan can be developed that will engage local government officials and
stakeholders, and integrate planning activities, without a complex oversight
process (board, commission, rules) as required in the Act.
These core aspects—computer technology and advanced planning
theory—are the mechanism to: 1) supplant the granting process with innovative
planning tools that foster dialogue and cooperation and 2) address the
technical complexity of the issue.
The reference to the importance of the innovations
in computer technology and planning theory is directed at two tools
being pioneered at the University
of Illinois. These tools are known as: 1) the land use evaluation
and impact assessment model--LEAM and 2) a system of plans.
LEAM is an innovative computer-based tool that simulates
land-use change across space and time.
It enables planners, policymakers, interest groups and laypersons
to understand what factors cause land-use change and allows them to
visualize and test collective decisions and their consequences. The LEAM environment enhances our understanding
of the connection between urban, environmental, social, and economic
systems. LEAM runs on high-performance
computing platforms at the National
Center for Supercomputing
Applications. This allows large
regions (multi-county metropolitan areas) to be modeled at a very fine
scale (30 x 30 meter cells or a quarter acre).
The second innovative component of the proof of concept is the adoption of the theory known as the system of plans. The system
of plans utilizes advanced computer technology to construct a variety
of plans into an electronic database.
Simply put, the system
of plans prescribes how plans can better aid decision making. The system
of plans concept suggests that plans can and should emerge from
their context and be used from the decision-making perspective rather
than implemented from the plan’s perspective.
The construction of this database creates plans that can be viewed
from the perspective of decision making situations.
three pilot projects were designed with six major components. The components are discussed further in the
report. The projects have limited
funds to operate and typically information is handled via electronic
means, such as cd’s or websites. Examples
of resource inventories, system
of plans, and LEAM land use simulations are provided in Appendix
II or on the public website at www/leam/uiuc/legacy.
The six major components include:
Reach out to local officials and local stakeholders. This is being done to obtain
assistance with compiling various data for the project and,
"making the project real" essentially ensuring the project
adds value to other efforts and meets the interests/needs of the local
Resource inventory--collecting data to assemble the legacy resource
inventory (almost exclusively the inventory relies on existing data
for cultural, natural and agricultural resources).
Constructing the system of plans
--collecting a cross section of plans (municipal, county, regional,
transportation, economic development, watershed, etc).
Develop a locally specific land use simulation and impact model to analyze potential and/or desired scenarios.
Scenarios are either public investments or public policies relative
to land use change.5) Using the results from the model to
compare land use conflicts and opportunities; derived from the previous
components (i.e. 1,-4).
6) Prepare a local legacy plan, which identifies strategies
for protecting legacy resources. Further the plan/project will allow
locals to identify their priority needs to state agencies for both resource
protection and public investment. The
legacy plan will clearly identify and prioritize opportunities for utilizing
and coordinating state programs (particularly grant programs).
Section 15 of the Local Legacy Act directed that a
Board be established. This Board
of Directors should consist of the Director from each of the Departments
of Agriculture and Natural Resources as well as the Historical Preservation
Agency. In lieu of the funds to support the creation
and operation of the Legacy program, the Directors have assigned technical
staff to oversee the pilot projects.
The technical team meets to review progress on an as needed basis
and reports on the progress to their respective Directors.
This section describes the general operating premise
behind the proof of concept,
a technical description of methodology, overall tasks, and expected
Although the state has passed several pieces of legislation
(including the Local Legacy Act and the Local Planning Technical Assistance
Act) to assist in planning for future growth in urban
areas, the state currently lacks the funds to support them.
At the core of this proposed legacy planning process, is an integrated
“document” that includes goals, policies, strategies, and procedures
for inventorying, prioritizing and preserving critical farmland, natural
areas, and cultural resources. Foremost, the purpose of these pilot
plans are to utilize the concept of the Local Legacy Act (P.A. 93-0328)
– providing technical assistance and an innovative planning tool to
encourage partnerships between counties and municipalities to develop
and implement a resource protection plan – without creating the formal
boards and committees called for in the Act.
Using innovations in computer technology and planning
theory these pilot projects will demonstrate that Legacy Plans can be
developed that will engage local government officials and stakeholders,
and integrate planning activities occurring in urban areas, without
the complexity of the oversight process (board, commission, rules) as
required in the Act. The project will build on existing programs
at the appropriate state agencies and collaboration with local planning
organizations for data acquisition needs and working with local officials. It is the goal of these pilot projects to develop
innovative planning tools, informally engage local stakeholders, and
build from existing local planning activities and state programs so
that the state will provide a much more efficient and valuable process
than established in the Act.
Organizational Elements of Pilot Projects
The pilots are being conducted in
one county within the northeastern Illinois
region (McHenry), three counties in the Peoria
region, (Peoria, Tazewell
and Woodford) and four counties from southwestern Illinois
(Madison, St. Clair, Randolph and Monroe).
The pilot regions were selected based on: 1) resources threats
relative to urbanization trends and 2) project cost savings due to previous
data collection and/or previous model development efforts.
Technical support is being provided to the University
of Illinois’ Department of
Regional and Urban Planning. The
IDNR also enlisted the help of various regional planning organizations
to assist with outreach to local stakeholders and to help with data
collection. These organizations include, Northeastern Illinois Planning
Commission (NIPC), Tri-County Regional Planning Commission and the Southwestern
Resource Conservation and Development (SWRCD). In addition to IDNR,
the Department of Agriculture and Historical Preservation Agency, are
participating, as identified in the Local Legacy Act.
In addition, the project is also coordinating with other state
agencies including, the Department of Transportation, the Department
of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, and the Illinois Environmental
Fiscal support was provided to planning organizations
through IDNR’s nationally recognized Conservation 2000 Ecosystems Program
in support of watershed planning. In
addition, IDNR provided support to the University
of Illinois (U of I) for
development of the system of plans
as well as for developing the necessary interface with the land use
The Illinois Department of Natural Resources is the
technical lead agency for the Legacy Plan project. This role entails:
oversight of the project and contracts with local planning agencies
and the University of Illinois,
of work and products as developed,
natural resources data needed for the inventory, coordinate the local
and state government partnership and,
in the preparation of the resource protection plan.
For its part, the Illinois Department of Agriculture is assisting
in securing the agricultural soils information for the resource inventory.
Beyond soil inventory, IDOA is providing ongoing
technical support that will assist with demonstrating that local legacy
plans can be an effective instrument for helping to achieve the delicate
balance between economic development and natural, agricultural, and
cultural resource conservation.
In addition, the IDOA is included with the other partners
in the preparation of a resource protection plan.
Illinois Historical Preservation Agency is working on the development
of the Legacy plan through its Historic Architecture and Archaeological
Geographic Information System (HAARGIS).
HAARGIS is a tool to manage information about historic and prehistoric
properties under the protection of the Illinois Historic Preservation
Agency. IHPA oversees the various federal and state
initiatives and laws regarding historic preservation in Illinois. One of these laws requires that IHPA maintain
an inventory of properties with historic, architectural, and/or archaeological
significance. As it exists, HAARGIS
is extremely useful for IHPA staff in many of the state and federal
programs that they administer; it is also extremely helpful so that
the public can identify protected resources during preplanning of construction
or renovation projects. IHPA will also provide direct contributions
to the review and development of a legacy plan.
A key component of these pilots is the partnership
between the local planning organizations, county and local governments
and state agencies. The Legacy
agencies (IDNR, IDOA & IHPA) have been working in close cooperation
to develop resource inventories, liaise with local officials and develop
the legacy plan. This state team is also working to incorporate
input from other agencies in order to ensure the legacy plan is developed
within the context of other local interests. Other state agencies, such as IDOT, IEPA, and
DCEO, are being asked to participate in this process to provide information
on public investments made by each of these agencies to local governments. One example of an agency’s effort that could
be included in Legacy’s examination of future development in the region
is the proposed economic development projects that are included in Opportunities
Returns plans for each of the
DCEO’s Economic and Workforce Development Regions.
Also IEPA has expressed interest in partnering planning activities as they move forward
with pilot watershed planning
Methodology—“Proof of Concept”
The technical basis for this approach to a Local Legacy
plan is the innovation in computer technology and planning theory—developed
at the University of Illinois’
Department of Urban and Regional Planning called a system
of plans (see figure 1). This concept for new planning, a system of plans is a more effective way to understand the future development
of a region than any one traditional comprehensive plan. A web-based system of plans brings together development and resource plans from
various local and state agencies. It
allows for the retrieval for parts of different plans, relevant to a
particular decision situation, to see where gaps and conflicts among
plans exist. This leads to a more informed decision-making
process (see http://harrappa.urban.uiuc.edu/research/
These plans include, but are not limited to; watershed plans, county or municipal comprehensive
plans, transportation plans, sewer and water infrastructure. The University of Illinois team is working to
combine the system of plans
with their land use forecasting model (Land
use Evaluation and impact
Assessment Model – LEAM) to look at the potential impacts of these plans to natural
resources, critical farmland, and cultural resources.
System of Plans Approach
Use Evaluation and Impact Assessment Model (LEAM) is an innovative computer-based tool that simulates land-use
change across time and distance. It
enables planners, policymakers, interest groups and laypersons to understand
what factors attribute to land-use change and to visualize and test
the consequences of collective decisions and their consequences. The LEAM environment enhances our understanding
of the connection between urban, environmental, social, and economic
systems. LEAM runs on high-performance
computing platforms at the National
Center for Supercomputing
Applications. This allows large
regions (multi-county metropolitan areas) to be modeled at a very fine
scale (30 x 30 meter cells or a quarter acre).
The fundamental LEAM approach to modeling urban land-use
transformation dynamics begins with drivers.
Drivers are forces (typically human) that contribute to land-use
change. The LEAM approach is
unique in that systems are explicitly and separately modeled in a collaborative
design of initially independent models. Sub-models
are completed and run independent of the larger LEAM framework so that
variables can be scaled and plotted in formats that help visualize and
calibrate sub-model behavior before it becomes integrated into the larger
model. These models are established
by groups or individuals who have substantial knowledge of a particular
component or function of that system.
The sub-models are then linked to form the main framework of
the dynamic model, which runs simultaneously in each grid cell of raster
based GIS map(s). The LEAM method of modeling uses a graphically
based, spatial modeling environment (SME), which was developed at the
University of Maryland
to link icon-based graphical modeling environments, such as STELLA,
with parallel supercomputers and a generic object database. The result is that users are able to create
and share modular, reusable model components, and utilize advanced parallel
computer architectures without having to invest unnecessary time in
computer programming or learning new systems.
Model drivers represent the dynamic interactions between
the urban system and the surrounding landscape.
Scenario maps visually represent the resulting land-use changes. Altering input parameters (different policies
and public investments, trends, and unexpected events), change the spatial
outcome of the scenario being studied.
This enables “what-if”
planning scenarios that can be visually examined and interpreted for
each simulation exercise.
Once model simulations are established, it is important
to recognize the impacts that the resulting changing land use patterns
will have on the environmental, economic and social systems of the community. The assessment of probable impacts is important
for understanding the “so-what?”
of simulations. If things change
in this way, what does it mean for society, the economy, and the environment? Am I happy with that outcome? If not, what policies are needed to achieve
results that I find more satisfactory?
These “so-what?” impact
assessments are also important for comparing the simulation outcomes
and results, needed to improve communal decision-making. The impacts assessed by the LEAM model are also
used in the creation of sustainable indices and indicators that can
feed back into the model drivers for new policy formation.
Current Model Driver Sub-Models:
Land Price, Economic factors, Population Factors, Social Factors,
Geographic Limits and Factors, Neighborhood Development Factors,
Resource Limitations and Factors, Open Space requirements, Transportation
mechanisms and factors (traffic congestion), Utility and Infrastructure
availability, Brownfields and Employment and Cultural Centers
Impact Assessment Sub-Models:
Economic Impacts, Water Quality & Quantity, Fiscal Impacts,
Air Quality, Habitat Fragmentation, Ecological Impacts, Transportation
LEAM model results are presented using an easy-to-navigate,
web-based graphical user interface.
Scenario results and impact assessments can be displayed in a
number of ways: as simulation movies, through a built-in mapping tool,
in graph or chart displays, or simply as raw data.
LEAM development and applications are conducted and
managed by a team of faculty, staff, and students at the University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
LEAM brings together expertise in substantive issues, modeling,
high-performance computing, and visualization from the Departments of
Urban Planning, Geography, Economics, Natural Resources and Environmental
Sciences, Landscape Architecture, Civil Engineering, the National Center for Supercomputing
Applications (NCSA), ERDC Construction Engineering Research Laboratory,
and private industry. See http://www.rehearsal.uiuc.edu/projects/leam/
The pilots are all structured to follow the general
tasks discussed briefly below. The
following section will then identify progress in the different regions
according to these tasks.
The first task has been to collect existing natural,
agriculture and cultural resource data.
This task is being performed by coordinating with the various
resource agencies. Data is being
automated on a GIS for the development of the system
of plans by local regional planning organizations with the assistance
of the University of Illinois. In addition, data gaps will be identified that
are critical to development of a legacy plan.
with State & Local Decision Makers:
Local regional planning organizations have/are engaging
their respective county and municipal officials in the pilot counties
as to the ongoing process of the project as well as the intended outcome. A review team consisting of local government
officials, C2000 ecosystem partnerships, and other local stakeholders
(this includes key groups called for in the Act) are reviewing the methods
and processes employed to develop the plan.
The team will also work with various regional planning organizations
to develop action items for resource protection.
and Organize Compendium of Plans:
The local regional planning organizations are obtaining
respective comprehensive plans within the pilot counties as well as
other relevant resource plans, i.e. transportation, sewer and water
plans, watershed or resource plans or key economic development plans. The data is being automated using GIS for analysis
using the system of plans
approach developed at the University
of Illinois. The task of organizing the system of plans involves creating a compendium
of plans that relate to the region/county and storing them digitally
on the web.
Consistency and Impacts of Plans:
Inconsistencies will be discovered in two ways. The first, involves the general overlay of resource
inventories with static plans. The
second, couples the system of
plans with a simulation model to reveal future inconsistency and
consequences. This task includes
the interaction with the general land use forecast model (LEAM). Each plan will be simulated as a scenario that
interacts with regional drivers of change and subsequently characterize
potential threats to resources. Examining
future land use patterns relative to the resource inventory, this task
will provide the necessary information to identify threatened resources
and assist with resource protection prioritization.
There will also be an examination of policies to minimize the
impacts of the various stakeholder plans on our natural resources, critical
farmland, and cultural sites.
Resource Legacy Plan:
A Legacy Plan will be drafted based on the work completed
in Tasks 1-4. Regional organizations,
the U of I, and local stakeholders will assist with developing legacy
plans. Key to developing this plan will be to use the
information from the inventory, system
of plans, and projected future land use patterns to determine priorities
for resource protection. The
draft plan will be reviewed by county and municipal officials, ecosystem
partnerships, and other participating stakeholders.
The review team will prioritize resource protection needs and
develop action items for implementation of the legacy plan.
A final report will be prepared summarizing the process (inventory,
“system of plans, and LEAM’s impact assessment)
and include a resource protection plan that identifies specific action
items for local and state officials. The
legacy plan will serve to clearly identify and prioritize opportunities
for utilizing and coordinating state programs (particularly grants)
for both resource protection and public investment.
Legacy Web Site
The LEAM group is providing web support for the project.
A web page has been developed to provide local stakeholders and
the general public updates during the Legacy Plan process (draft reports,
meeting dates). The website also
provides access to products such as the final plan, data used in developing
the inventory and plan, the system of plans, and the results from the land use model. (The public
website is viewable at www/leam/uiuc/legacy)
Progress on the project is also being maintained via
an internal website known as a twiki.
Only technical staff has access to the site.
The site also allows for the uploading of resource data as well
as plans. The site allows the
technical team to review material, maps, analysis etc. before posting
on the public website.
The design outcome for each county within the pilot
regions is the development of a resource protection, or Legacy Plan. The plan will identify resources (natural, agriculture,
cultural), threats to resources, and strategies to be adopted by various
local governments that protect these resources and are compatible with
other resource plans and economic development strategies. This
method will also allow locals to identify their priority needs to state
agencies for both resource protection and public investment. The legacy plan will clearly identify and prioritize
opportunities for utilizing and coordinating state programs (particularly
PROGRESS OF PILOTS
Following is a summary of the status of each of the
pilots with respect to these task: informing local stakeholders, development
of resources inventory, development of system
of plans, development of land use simulation model.
The Peoria Pilot covers the counties of Peoria,
Tazewell, and Woodford. The Tri-County
Regional Planning Commission (TRPC) is the regional liaison.
The TRPC is coordinating with local officials through
the Peoria Mayor’s Vision 2020 project (see www//Vision2020.org).
Coordinating with the Vision 2020 has several
advantages; local involvement, local control and cost savings—avoiding
a duplicative process. Decisions
stay within the current local process and the state provides tools and
information to guide decision making.
TRPC is the lead for compiling the resource inventory. TRPC is completing recent efforts to update
natural resource inventories. TRPC
is coordinating with IDNR to secure relevant other natural resource
databases. In addition, TRCP
is working towards updating cultural resource inventory, primarily through
TRPC, as the regional planning commission, has in its
possession many of the plans necessary to construct a system of plans. The TRPC is
also partnering with the Vision 2020 task force, a group that is developing
a regional strategic plan based on compiling existing plans. These efforts continue.
TRPC is working with LEAM to provide updates to the
LEAM model. Primary efforts are
focused on upgrading the transportation component of the LEAM and developing
scenarios to analyze.
The Legacy Planning project in Southwestern
Illinois began with informational meetings in mid-September
of 2004. Community leaders and
resource specialists from Madison, St. Clair, Monroe, and Randolph counties
attended these local meetings. The
meetings provided some informational background on the LEAM project
and introduced Legacy Planning as a tool for planners.
Follow-up calls after the meetings produced positive feedback
and support for the project. Efforts
to gather plans from communities and counties revealed that a significant
portion of the region’s planning documents have not been updated for
40 years (or more). Several communities
are in the process of drafting new plans.
They have expressed interest in how Legacy Planning may relate
to their planning efforts, but have no plans currently available to
share with the region. The Legacy Planning project has made a positive
impact on the region by drawing attention to the need to develop and
maintain current, relevant planning documents.
Requests for plans have resulted in success with the
larger communities in the project area, as well of some smaller communities
facing rapid growth. Belleville,
Edwardsville, East St. Louis,
Glen Carbon, and Shiloh are a few of the communities
that have shared their plans. These
plans have been converted into a digital format and brought into a Geographic
Information System (GIS). Each
digitized plan is associated with an attribute table identifying the
land use under three different classification systems:
the original land use from the plan; a standardized land use
system that will be used to compare the plans; and a more generalized
land use classification system that is similar to the LEAM output categories. In addition to the land use plans, some communities
provided trail and greenway maps, water and sewer line maps, and Facility
Planning Area boundaries. The
effort to gather and digitize planning documents is ongoing. Several different approaches are being implemented
to reach out to communities that did not participate in the initial
meetings. Staff from Southwestern
Illinois Resource Conservation and Development Council (SWIRC&D)
has presented the project to the Southwestern Illinois City Managers
Association at their regular meeting.
The network of partners and supporters of the SWIRC&D have
shared information about the project with influential local leaders.
When no other avenue of contact is available, local community
leaders and planners are being contacted individually by phone.
Information on natural, cultural, and agricultural
resources for the region has been gathered.
The SWIRC&D GIS
has been building on an extensive library of natural resource information. Cultural resource information from the Illinois
Historic Preservation Agency is available digitally, but it is somewhat
out of date. IHPA has suggested
a number of local citizens who can help update the information for their
respective communities. Agricultural
data such as Prime & Important Farmland has been derived from detailed
soil survey information. State-designated
Agricultural Areas and the Centennial and Sesquicentennial Farms in
the region have been digitized.
Current tasks for the Legacy Planning project in Southwestern
Illinois include; digitizing plans, following up with communities
who have not shared their plans yet, and updating the cultural resource
information with the help of local contacts.
In the very near future, the focus will shift to comparing planning
documents to each other and to resource data.
LEAM efforts to date include conducting preliminary
model runs. These model runs
include a “business as usual” scenario, several transportation scenarios,
an East St. Louis Redevelopment scenario, and a scenario examining the
importance of Scott Air Force Base to the region
The Northeastern Illinois Regional Planning Commission
(NIPC) is assisting with the liaison functions for this region. During the summer of 2004 various stakeholder
groups were contacted to introduce them to the project and explain the
Legacy proof of concept. These groups included;
with working knowledge of environmental, agricultural, cultural issues
and also organizations who could assist with providing relevant resource
County Council of Governments
of Imagine McHenry
County (members of development
staffs from a variety of municipalities and the county
NIPC, State Agencies (Legacy) and U of I staff worked
cooperatively to collect both legacy resource data as well as plans. The nature and magnitude of this effort can
be viewed on the public website (www.leam.uiuc.edu/legacy/mchenry)
as well as in Appendix II. Further,
the U of I staff developed a preliminary LEAM run for McHenry
County. The resource inventory, system of plans and LEAM scenarios were showcased at a meeting of
over 50 stakeholders in November 2004.
The impressive amount of material presented at this workshop
is also presented in the Appendix II.
(The amount of data collected and mapped was too extensive—needs
to be displayed in color--to be printed and subsequently were placed
on a CD-ROM, Appendix II.) Future
efforts include using the website to survey and further engage stakeholders
in terms of refining scenarios. Following
this survey effort will be a follow-up to present LEAM results relative
to resource inventories and the outcomes of plans.
CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on efforts made on the Legacy pilots projects
to this point, we have reached the following conclusions and recommendation:
- Legacy resources are a key component
for every region’s quality of life.
Lack of attention to protect these resources will result in
negative changes in the characteristics of Illinois’
regions. Many times, the full
value of these legacy resources have not been sufficiently assessed
and are noticeably unaccounted for when development decisions are
- Investments in resource protection and
maintenance are more cost-effective and efficient than restoration
efforts. Creating sound
strategies to achieve development objectives and legacy resource protection
can be advanced by utilizing better planning tools.
- Funds for legacy planning are necessary
to address and complement private investments. In order for Illinois
to compete in the changing global environment, making improvements
to local planning to enhance the performance of public and private
investments is warranted.
- Advancement in planning tools can provide
insights into land use conflicts and assist in building consensus
on local and regional priorities.
These tools allow stakeholders to address potential conflicts
between development and resource protection as an “upfront” process instead of waiting until decisions are already
made. This legacy process can also assist state agencies in prioritizing
their resource protection efforts.
- Fiscal support for the approaches utilized
in this pilot program will help guide better and more efficient coordination
and prioritization of state investments. The tools being explored in this proof of concept need to be advanced
and made available to foster regional planning in other areas of the
- The Legacy Act should be amended to allow
regional groups to participate in their appropriate role. As the Act stands now they are not included
in the county-city partnerships.
Local Legacy Act
HB0231eng 93rd General Assembly 093_HB0231eng
HB0231 Engrossed LRB093 03496 LCB 03525 b
1 AN ACT to create the Local Legacy Act.
2 Be it
enacted by the
People of the State of Illinois,
3 represented in the General Assembly:
4 Section 1. Short
title. This Act may be cited as
5 Local Legacy Act.
6 Section 5. Policy.
7 (a) Illinois has a
rich natural and cultural heritage.
8 Whether historic sites, natural areas,
rich farmland, or
9 other prized
resources, every county
has treasures worth
for future generations.
11 (b) As counties and municipalities grow, they
have the opportunity to consider which resources are most
Consequently, they may
14 imperil a historic
structure, sever a
or fragment farmland into small and unsustainable
17 (c) It is
necessary and desirable to provide technical
and funding in the form of grants to
between counties and
municipalities for the
of an inventory of their natural areas, farmland,
cultural assets and to develop a Resource Protection Plan
protecting those areas.
23 (d) It is
the purpose of this Act to promote voluntary
partnerships in every county
by the year
25 2020 that will
inventory resources, develop
Plans, and implement their respective plans.
10. Definitions. In this Act:
means the Local Legacy Board created under this
means a Local Steering Committee established
HB0231 Engrossed -2- LRB093 03496 LCB 03525 b
1 under this Act.
2 "Cultural resource" means a
or site that has
4 cultural, archeological, or historical significance
5 local, state, or national level.
6 "Farmland" means land
devoted to agriculture
7 horticultural uses for the production
of food (including
8 grains, fruits,
vegetables, dairy products, or mushrooms),
9 fiber, floriculture, or forest products, or
10 farm animals (including
livestock, sheep, swine,
poultry, bees, or fish) or wildlife.
means a listing
of a county's
natural areas, farmland,
area" means an area of land or water that either
or has recovered to a substantial degree its original
17 natural or primeval
character, though it
need not be
undisturbed, or has floral, faunal, ecological,
or archeological features of
recreational, scenic, or aesthetic interest.
means the Local Legacy Program.
unless otherwise specified, means farmland, a
area, or a cultural resource.
Protection Plan" means an integrated document
includes goals, policies, strategies, and procedures for
natural areas, and cultural
identified in a countywide inventory and adopted as
in Section 30 of this Act.
15. The Local Legacy Board. The Local
30 Board is created
to administer the Program under this Act.
membership of the Board shall be composed of the Director
32 of Natural
Resources, the Director of Historic
33 and the Director
or their respective
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The Board must choose a Chairperson to serve for
2 2 years on a rotating basis. All members must be present for
3 the Board
to conduct official business. The Departments must
4 each furnish technical support to the Board.
5 The Board has those powers necessary
to carry out
6 purposes of
this Act, including,
without limitation, the
7 power to:
8 (1) employ agents and employees necessary to carry
9 out the
purposes of this Act and fix their compensation,
terms, and conditions of employment;
adopt, alter and use a corporate seal;
have an audit made of
the accounts of
or any person
or entity that receives funding
enforce the terms of any grant made under
16 Act, whether
in law or
equity, or by any other legal
prepare and submit a budget and
for the necessary and contingent operating
of the Board; and
receive and accept, from
any source, aid or
of money, property, labor, or other items
23 of value for furtherance of any of its purposes,
any conditions not inconsistent with this Act or
laws of this State pertaining to those contributions,
but not limited
to, gifts, guarantees, or
from any department, agency, or instrumentality of
United States of America.
Board must adopt any rules, regulations,
30 and directives necessary
to implement the
for designing inventories so that they will
with each other.
33 The Board must
submit a report to the General Assembly
the Governor by January 1, 2005
and every 2
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regarding progress made towards accomplishing the
2 purposes of this Act.
3 Section 20. Local Legacy
Program. The Local
4 Program is
created. The Board
shall determine the
of county-municipal partnerships
6 under the Program. The purpose of the Program is to provide
7 grants to
counties and municipalities to (i) inventory their
8 natural areas, farmland, and cultural resources;
9 develop Resource Protection Plans.
25. Local Steering
in assistance under this Act must form a
consisting of 11
members in the
chosen according to the following requirements:
Three members of the county board appointed by
county board chairperson with the advice and
the county board.
Three elected municipal officials chosen by the
authorities of those
in the county-municipal partnership.
Five public members
who reside within
and are appointed by a majority vote of the county
members and elected
municipal officials on the
Steering Committee, with one each representing
28 (d) Construction or development.
the Committee is first established, one-third of the
31 members of each
category shall serve
a term of one year;
shall serve a term of 2 years; and one-third
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1 serve a
term of 3 years, except for the public members, one
2 of whom will serve for one year, 2 of whom
shall serve for 2
3 years, and
2 of whom will serve for 3 years. All
4 members shall serve for a term of 3 years.
5 be filled in the same manner as an original
6 The Chairperson
shall be chosen
for a term of 2 years
7 from among the members of the Committee by
a majority vote of
8 the Committee; all members of the Committee
9 Chairperson have a vote.
Committee shall adopt its own rules of operation.
30. Duties of the Local Steering
12 Local Steering Committee
shall have the authority to apply
and receive grants to conduct an inventory and develop a
Protection Plan and to review all grant applications
15 from units of
local government before they are submitted to
Local Steering Committee shall develop a strategy for
an inventory of natural
areas, farmland, and
19 cultural resources. The
Committee shall determine
should be included in the inventory, the amount of
and technical assistance needed from the
22 what information
is already available, who will conduct the
how municipal and
county efforts should
and how to present the information so that it is
with inventories conducted
27 The Committee shall
use the inventory as the basis for
its Resource Protection Plan. Working
planner or other
shall develop criteria for prioritizing
by the inventory.
When prioritizing resources,
Committee shall analyze the threat to the resources using
projections, land use patterns, and development
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1 trends. Upon
the approval of two-thirds of its members, with
2 at least
one member from each of the 3 categories voting in
3 approval, the Committee shall recommend that
the county board
4 and the municipalities within the county adopt
Plan. Amendments to the
Resource Protection Plan
6 must be approved in the same manner. A local government may
7 object to
all or part
of the Resource Protection Plan in
8 writing. If
a written objection is filed with the Committee,
9 the portion of the Plan objected to shall
not be effective
10 within that local government's borders. The objecting local
may modify or withdraw its objection at any time.
35. Local Legacy Fund. The Local Legacy Fund is
as a special fund in the State treasury.
moneys shall be
transferred into the Local
Fund from the General Revenue Fund.
All interest or
16 other earnings that
accrue from investment of the Local
Fund moneys shall be credited to the
18 Fund. The Local
Legacy Fund shall be used by the Board to
grants to counties and municipalities
planning for preservation of farmland, natural areas, and
40. Consideration of State grant awards. When
grant awards under this Act, the Board or the State
24 agency, as the
case may be,
shall give preferential
to counties and
municipalities that have
Resource Protection Plans.
90. The State Finance Act is
amended by adding
5.595 as follows:
ILCS 105/5.595 new)
5.595. The Local Legacy Fund.