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Pat Quinn, Governor

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  Snakes  

Glossary

 

bask to expose the body to the direct rays of the sun (e.g., snakes may be seen basking on rocks or logs)
cold-blooded having a body temperature that varies with that of the environment
constriction method used by some snakes to kill prey by coiling tightly around the prey item to prevent it from breathing
endangered species method used by some snakes to kill prey by coiling tightly around the prey item to prevent it from breathing
hemipenis; hemipenes (pl.) paired organ in male snakes used to transfer sperm to the female in sexual reproduction
hibernate to become inactive during cold periods of the year
Jacobson's organ chemically sensitive organ in the mouth that is used with the tongue to detect smells
juvenile individual that has not attained sexual maturity
keel; keeled raised ridge on the scales of the sides and back of some snakes
keratin hard, tough, fibrous protein produced in the skin-the basic substance that makes up scales, claws, fingernails, and hair
oviparous animals producing eggs that hatch outside the body of the female
ovoviviparous species in which the eggs develop and hatch inside the female's body
pit viper a venomous snake with a heat-sensing pit on each side of the head
scute an enlarged scale on a reptile, such as that found on the belly of snakes
threatened species a species likely to become endangered
venom a poisonous secretion transmitted by a bite or a sting
venomous secreting and transmitting venom
viviparous species in which the young are born live after developing completely within the female's body

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