Department of Natural Resources
yellow sweet clover Melilotus officinalis
sweet clover is an annual herb. Its leaves are arranged alternately
along the stem. Each leaf is divided into three leaflets. The oblong leaflets
may be up to one inch long. Stems are upright, branched and smooth. Yellow,
tubelike flowers are borne in thin spikes. Each flower has five petals.
The fruit is a pod containing seeds. Yellow sweet clover may attain a
height of two to seven feet.
clover maybe found throughout Illinois. It grows at the edges of fields
and along roads. Flowers are produced from June through September. Yellow
sweet clover is a native of Europe that was brought to this country by
early European settlers and has spread tremendously.
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