Bruce Rauner, Governor

DNR Links Skip to Content Skip to State Links

 IDNR Home
 Agency Offices
 Disabled Outdoors
 Freedom of Information Act
 Get Involved
 Grant Info
 Great Lakes Restoration
 License / Permit / Register
 Kids & Education
 Law Enforcement
 Mandatory Safety Programs
 Lodges / Leasing
 More Links
 Outdoor Recreation
 Parks & Recreation
 Press Releases
 State Museums
 World Shooting & Recreational Complex
 DNR A to Z


  For Your Garden  

January 2013

Listen to the podcast of this information.

Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.



spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Photo © 2013, Joe McFarland, Illinois Department of Natural Resources

Spicebush is a shrub that thrives naturally in rich, moist woods in the southern half of Illinois. It prefers to grow in full sun or partial shade. The leaves are simple, alternate, up to six inches long and three inches wide. The yellow flowers open in spring before the leaves appear. Blooming occurs from March to May, with the flowers arranged in clusters along the stems. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. The red fruits are about three-eighths to one-half inch long and have a slight indentation at the tip. All parts of this plant, including the flowers and fruits, have a spicy aroma. The spicebush swallowtail butterfly (Papilio troilus) lays eggs on this plant, and its larvae feed on the leaves. Songbirds and upland game birds eat the fruits. Deer and other mammals feed on the shrub as well.

For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at http://dnr.state.il.us/teachkids.

Prairie Establishment and Landscaping

Landscaping for Wildlife

Butterfly Gardens






Kids & Education

 New This Month
 Online Order Form
 Student Pages

Copyrightę 2015 Department of Natural Resources
Accessibility    Contact    FAQs    Podcasts    Privacy    Social Networking