PRAIRIES OF ILLINOIS


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Table 1. A Partial Listing of Illinois Prairie Plants by Prairie Type.
Grasses and Sedges

Common Name Scientific Name Type of Prairie Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardi mesic Side oats grama Bouteloua curtipendula dry Blue-joint grass Calamagrostis canadensis wet Bristly sedge Carex comosa wet Mead's sedge Carex meadii mesic Tussock sedge Carex stricta wet Canada wild rye Elymus canadensis mesic Little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium dry to mesic Switchgrass Panicum virgatum mesic Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans mesic Cord grass Spartina pectinata wet Prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis mesic

Forbs
Prairie milkweed Asclepias sullivantii mesic to wet Butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa dry to mesic Lead plant Amorpha canescens dry to mesic Heath aster Aster ericoides dry to mesic Smooth aster Aster laevis mesic New England aster Aster novae-angliae mesic White false indigo Baptisia leucantha dry to mesic Cream false indigo Baptisia leucophaea dry to mesic Wild hyacinth Camassia scilloides mesic Lance-leaved coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata dry Stiff coreopsis Coreopsis palmata mesic White prairie clover Dalea candida dry to mesic Purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea dry to mesic Tall coreopsis Coreopsis tripteris mesic Canada tick trefoil Desmodium canadense mesic Illinois tick trefoil Desmodium illinoense mesic Shooting star Dodecatheon meadia mesic Pale purple coneflower Echinacea pallida` dry to mesic Purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea dry to mesic Rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium mesic Western sunflower Helianthus occidentalis dry False sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides mesic Wild iris Iris shrevei wet Prairie bush clover Lespedeza capitata dry to mesic Rough blazing star Liatris aspera dry to mesic Prairie blazing star Liatris pycnostachya mesic Obedient plant Physostegia virginiana dry to wet Prairie lettuce Prenanthes aspera dry to mesic Yellow prairie Ratibida pinnata mesic coneflower Rosin weed Silphium integrifolium mesic Compass plant Silphium laciniatum mesic Prairie dock Silphium terebinthinaceum mesic Blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium albidum dry to mesic


Back To Table of Contents| Back to Part I: Prairie Establishment| Glossary