PRAIRIE ESTABLISHMENT AND LANDSCAPING

by William E. McClain

Division of Natural Heritage, Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Springfield, IL
Natural Heritage Technical Publication #2
1997

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PART I: PRAIRIE ESTABLISHMENT


NATURAL DIVISIONS
Geology
Climate
Fire

PRAIRIE PLACE NAMES
Froggy Prairie
Macoupin Prairie
Crow, Horse, and Bulls Eye Prairie
Looking Glass Prairie
DISAPPEARANCE OF THE PRAIRIES


ESTABLISHING THE PRAIRIE
Site Selection
Seed Selection
Seed Storage
SEEDBED PREPARATION
Conventional Methods
Conservation Tillage or No Till Planting
Planting Dates
Seeding Rates
PLANTING METHODS
TRANSPLANTING TECHNIQUES
WEED CONTROL
PRESCRIBED BURNING
TABLES
TABLE 1
TABLE 2

Part II: PRAIRIE PLANTS IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN


WHY USE PRAIRIE PLANTS?
The Prairie Garden Site
PREPARATION AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PRAIRIE GARDEN
PLANNING
FEATURES TO CONSIDER
WHAT TO PLANT?/WHEN TO PLANT
PLANTING
The Planting Sites
Dry Prairie Planting
Mesic Prairie Planting
Wet Prairie Planting
MAINTENANCE

MISTAKES

PRAIRIES OF ILLINOIS

REVIS PRAIRIE SAND PRAIRIE
MATANZAS PRAIRIE
ABOUT OTHER PRAIRIES IN ILLINOIS (Appendix 1)

GLOSSARY
LITERATURE CITED

FIGURES

FIGURE 1. Former Range of Tallgrass Prairie in Central North America.
FIGURE 2. Natural Divisions of Illinois
FIGURE 3. Distribution of Forest and Prairie About 1821 After Anderson.
FIGURE 4. Glacial Map of Illinois
FIGURE 5. Sand Deposits of Illinois
FIGURE 6. Prescribed Burning, Showing Backfire, Headfire, and Lateral Fires.
FIGURE 7. Dry Praire Border
FIGURE 8. Mesic and Wet Prairie Borders

APPENDIXES

APPENDIX 1: Historic Prairies of Illinois
APPENDIX 2: Sources of Native Illinois Prairies Plant Seeds and Publications on Prairies
Other Nearby Seed and Plant Sources

APPENDIX 3: Ornamental Values of Selected Prairie Forbs
APPENDIX 4: Ornamental Values of Selected Prairie Shrubs