The Bugwood Network
NPS and USFWS

Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas

Swearingen, J., K. Reshetiloff, B. Slattery, and S. Zwicker. 2002. Plant Invaders of
Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas. National Park Service and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 82 pp.



cover image

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Aquatic Plants

Featured Invasives
Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum)
Giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta)
Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)
Parrot feather watermilfoil (Myriophyllum aquaticum)
Water chestnut (Trapa natans)

Herbaceous Plants

Featured Invasives
Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum)
Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum)
Lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

Additional Species
Bamboos, exotic (Bambusa, Phyllostachys and Pseudosassa species)
Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)
Chinese lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata)
Chinese silver grass (Miscanthus sinensis)
Common daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)
Common reed (Phragmites australis)
Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)
Giant reed, wild cane (Arundo donax)
Marsh dewflower (Murdannia keisak)
Spotted knapweed (Centaurea biebersteinii)

Shrubs

Featured Invasives
Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)
Bush honeysuckles, exotic (Lonicera species)
Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora)
Privets (Ligustrum species)
Wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
Winged burning bush (Euonymus alata)

Additional Species
Butterfly bush (Buddleja species)
Japanese spiraea, Japanese meadowsweet (Spiraea japonica)
Jetbead (Rhodotypos scandens)

Trees

Featured Invasives
Bradford pear (Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford')
Norway maple (Acer platanoides)
Princess tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

Additional Species
Silk tree, mimosa tree (Albizia julibrissin)
Paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)
Sawtooth oak (Quercus acutissima)
White mulberry (Morus alba)

Vines

Featured Invasives
English ivy (Hedera helix)
Kudzu (Pueraria montana v. lobata)
Mile-a-minute (Polygonum perfoliatum)
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
Porcelainberry (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata)
Wisterias, exotic (Wisteria sinensis, W. floribunda)

Additional Species
Creeping euonymus (Euonymus fortunei)
Five-leaved akebia (Akebia quinata)
Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
Louis' swallowwort (Cynanchum louiseae)
Periwinkle (Vinca minor)

Glossary
References
Photo Credits

Index of Invasive Plants by Scientific Name

Partners



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USDA Forest ServiceUSDA APHIS PPQThe Bugwood Network University of Georgia Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller
(Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.:
Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health
Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08.