Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas
Swearingen, J., K. Reshetiloff, B. Slattery, and S.
Zwicker. 2002. Plant Invaders of
Creeping euonymus, or winter creeper, is an evergreen perennial vine in the bittersweet family (Celastraceae) that was introduced from China as an ornamental groundcover. It tolerates a variety of environmental conditions including full sun to deep shade, poor soils, and acidic to basic soils and is found in about 20 states in the eastern United States. Natural forest openings, caused by wind, insects or fire, are especially vulnerable to invasion by this plant. Creeping euonymus climbs trees and other vertical surfaces and grows vigorously across the ground, displacing native plants and appropriating soil, moisture, nutrients, sunlight and space that would otherwise be available to native species. It spreads vegetatively and by seed that is dispersed by wildlife and water.
Prevention and Control
|Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller |
(Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.:
Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health
Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08.