Whether you are looking for history, unusual
plant life or recreation, Lincoln Trail State Park has something to interest
you. Located just west of IL Rt. 1, 2 miles south of Marshall
in Clark County, the area is named after the trail Abraham Lincoln's family
followed en route from Indiana to Illinois in 1831. Three Native American
groups, the Miami, Kickapoo and Mascouten, occupied the site before it
was ceded to the United States in the early 19th century.
Today, visitors to the 1,023-acre park can
enjoy the sights of an American Beech woods; wildflowers, including the
unusual squaw-root and beech drops; and recreational activities such as
boating, camping, fishing, hiking and winter sports. There is truly something
Lincoln Trail Lake
The focal point of the park is Lincoln Trail
Lake, which covers 146 acres in the southwest corner of the park. With
its numerous fingers and more than 7 miles of thickly wooded shoreline,
it offers one beautiful vista after another. Lincoln Trail Lake was the
third lake created in Illinois (1955-1956) using federal monies under
the Dingell-Johnson Act. The lake's maximum depth is 41 feet.
Lincoln Heritage Trail
Fifty years after Lincoln's death, the Illinois
General Assembly authorized the Illinois State Historical Library to mark
the exact route traveled by Abraham Lincoln from Kentucky
to Illinois. Almost another 50 years passed before the 1,000-mile trail
was opened in 1963. With 3,000 markers showing the way, the trail winds
through Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois. Lincoln Trail State Park is
just west of the trail, as it follows IL Rt. 1. A few miles north
of the park, the trail branches off onto a county road heading west toward
Long before Abraham Lincoln passed through
the area, it was settled by Native Americans. Before the 18th century,
the main tribes in the area were the Piankeshaw and Wea, of a Miami group.
In the early 1700s, the Kickapoo moved south from Wisconsin, pushing the
Piankeshaw and Wea south and east. The Kickapoos remained in control of
the land until it was ceded to the United States in two separate treaties.
The western boundary of the first cession
is known as the Old Indian Boundary Line or the One O'Clock Line. It runs
through Clark County, passing through Lincoln Trail State Park near
the boat dock and crossing the campground. It is called the One O'Clock
Line because it is said that, if you look south from Pilot Grove in Vermilion
County, the boundary runs in the direction of the sun at one o'clock in
the afternoon. The area west of the original boundary was ceded by the
Kickapoo in 1819.
The state acquired the first 31 acres of
the park in 1936. The park and lake were officially dedicated in 1958.
American Beech Woods, an Illinois Nature
Preserve, is an especially noteworthy part of the park. The deep ravines
of the preserve contain a beech-maple forest that is little changed
from pioneer days. Southern Illinois and the eastern border of the state
are the only areas where the American beech grows in Illinois. It is a
distinctive tree, with smooth gray bark. If you're looking for something
a little out of the ordinary, try to find squaw-root and beech drops, two unusual wildflowers that lack chlorophyll.
The wooded shoreline is beautiful any time
of the year and the perfect spot for a picnic. Several shaded areas
are furnished with tables, stoves, toilet facilities and water. Four shelters
also are available, one of which has electricity. Children will appreciate
the playground equipment at two of the larger picnic areas. To make a shelter reservation, visit www.reserveamerica.com
Two Class A campgrounds, Plainview and Lakeside,
offer something for every type of camper. For those who like the beautiful
sights and sounds of the great outdoors but prefer the amenities of home,
both areas offer electricity, showers, tables, fireblocks, playground
equipment, water, toilet facilities and a sanitary dumping station. For
those who wish to be attuned to nature without the distractions of modern
conveniences, Lakeside Campground also includes a Class C camping area
for tents. The shower buildings are closed by November
1 (may be earlier if bad weather) and reopen May 1 (may be earlier,
weather depending). For camping reservations, visit www.reserveamerica.com
Organized youth groups may wish
to reserve the group camping area in advance by calling the park office.
All campers must obtain camping permits before
entering the campground.
The parks' restaurant/concession has available firewood, bait, boat rentals and during the camping season will make free deliveries of dinners to the campground.
Boaters take advantage of the opportunity for time on the water, or just
enjoy the view of the shoreline from the lake. The docking facility includes
a launching ramp and parking for boat trailers. Boat and seasonal dock
rentals are available at the concession stand. Outboard motors are limited
to 10 hp, and Illinois boating regulations must be observed.
Largemouth bass, bluegill, redear, sunfish,
crappie and channel catfish abound at the lake and provide another source
of enjoyment for visitors. Size and creel limits are in effect
for some species, so check with the site office
for specific information on fishing opportunities and regulations.
Located downstairs from the restaurant is a concession that offers live bait, tackle, row boat and paddle boat rentals, bagged ice, firewood, snacks and drinks.
Lincoln Trail offers a full service restaurant offering home style cooking. Enjoy breakfast, lunch or dinner while enjoying a scenic overlook of lake from the dining room. The restaurant offers a quiet, relaxing atmosphere to enjoy your meal. Reservations and walk-ins are welcome.
You can enhance the pleasure of your stay
at the park by taking a short walk past the boat docks and campgrounds
or a longer hike that lets you experience the diversity of the site.
The Beech Tree Trail is just a 0.5
miles long, extending from the boat dock parking lot and concession stand, past
the large picnic shelter, to Lakeside Campground. The trail includes
a series of stairways and foot bridges, which provide an excellent view
of the beech maple forest contained within the nature preserve.
For the adventurous, Sand Ford Nature Trail
is an opportunity to experience the park's habitat changes while enjoying
a 2 mile hike through an oak-hickory forest.
To truly experience the beauty of winter,
try one of the winter sports available at Lincoln Trail. Ice fishing and
skating are allowed when weather conditions permit, and 6 miles of roadway
around the lake are available for cross-country skiing when snow closes
the roads to traffic. These activities are at the visitors' own risk.
- While groups of 25 or
more are welcome and encouraged to use the park's facilities, they are required
to register in advance with the site office to avoid crowding or scheduling
- At least one responsible
adult must accompany each group of 15 minors.
- Pets must be kept on
leashes at all times.
- Actions by nature can
result in closed roads and other facilities. Please call ahead to the park
office before you make your trip.
- We hope you enjoy your
stay. Remember, take only memories, leave only footprints.
- For more information
on tourism in Illinois, call the Illinois Department of Economic Opportunity
Bureau of Tourism at 1-800-2Connect.
- Telecommunication Device
for Deaf and Hearing Impaired Natural Resources Information (217) 782-9175
for TDD only Relay Number 800-526-0844.